The number of patents granted to Polish companies and scientific institutes by the European Patent Office increased by 19 percent in 2016. At the same time the number of patent applications decreased by nearly 28 percent – according to the European Patent Office report.
According to the European Patent Office report, the total number of European patent applications submitted it in 2016 amounted to almost 160 000 (no change compared to the previous year). The EPO again recorded a strong increase in the number of applications from China (24.8 percent) and Korea (6.5 percent), and a decrease in the number of applications from the United States (-5.9 percent) and Japan (-1.9 proc). However, the number of applications from 38 Member States of the European Patent Organization in the past year remained almost unchanged (-0.2 percent).
The number of patents granted by Polish companies and scientific institutes increased by 19.2 percent in 2016. Last year, the European Patent Office granted 180 patents to Polish research institutes and companies, compared to 151 patents in 2015. It is the best Polish result to date. However, the number of Polish patent applications to the European Patent Office, based on which patents are granted, fell by 27.9 percent compared with 2015.
In sharp contrast to most European countries, Polish patent activity in 2016 was driven by universities and research institutes. As many as six out of eight largest applicants were universities and research institutes. The most active Polish applicant at the European Patent Office was the Jagiellonian University (12 applications), followed by pharmaceutical company Polpharma (10 applications), roof windows manufacturer Fakro (6) and Wroclaw Research Centre EIT+ (6). Four patent applications were submitted by each of the following: the Space Research Centre PAS, the Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics PAS in Warsaw, the Institute of Electronic Materials Technology in Warsaw and the Warsaw Medical University.
Mazowsze leads in the ranking of provinces. 30 percent of all Polish patent applications came from this region, followed by Małopolska (15.7 percent), Lower Silesia (11.3 percent) and Silesia (9.1 percent).
With regard to the 10 critical areas of technology in the European Patent Organization, the number of Polish applications recorded the biggest increases in the sectors of mechanical parts (+89 percent) and transportation (65 percent), with the highest number of patent applications received from the automotive industry. The transport sector in 2016 accounted for 8 percent of the total number of Polish patent applications, which makes it the most important technology sector in Poland, together with civil engineering. The largest decrease in the number of patent applications was recorded in the sectors of measurements (-66 percent) and electrical machinery (-57 percent).