Thirty seven (37) research institutes and the Polish Centre for Technology Development join forces. On 1 April, they will establish the Łukasiewicz Research Network, under which the best researchers will conduct key research from the point of view of the interests of the state. The bill has just been signed by President Andrzej Duda.
“I am glad that before our eyes the parliamentary draft bill, the work on which was commenced by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, has been successfully brought to an end”, said Deputy Prime Minister Jarosław Gowin, head of the Ministry of Science. “Finally, Poland will have integrated and effective technological facilities at its disposal”, he added.
“The primary goal of the network is to coordinate the activities of various institutes. Until now they have been dispersed, losing their potential. Thanks to its construction, the network will serve to integrate these potentials, as well as the effectiveness of organizational activities”, said Deputy Minister of Science Piotr Dardziński, the Government Plenipotentiary for the reform of the operation of research institutes.
The Łukasiewicz Centre: at the head of the network
The network will join 37 institutes (the majority of which currently operate under the Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Technology) and the PORT Polish Centre for Technology Development company, which will become an institute at the time of the entry of the bill into force. The Łukasiewicz Centre will be responsible for coordinating the network. It will act as a moderator for the activities of individual entities.
The incorporation of institutes into one larger structure is aimed at standardizing the key mechanisms for the functioning of the organization, such as management of finance, human resources, real estate or intellectual property rights. However, organizational advantages are not the most important issue.
Strategy for Responsible Development: research significant for the state
The Bill on the Network is the implementation of the expose of Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, who announced the establishing of a bridge between science and economy. The Polish state will benefit from better cooperation of these two areas. The basic task of the network is to conduct application research and development works, which are particularly important for the country’s economic and innovation policy, as well as provide the transfer of knowledge to the economy.
The network will thus be an integral element of the National Innovation System. The network foundation is a part of the Strategy for Responsible Development.
From 1 April, the network will consist of:
- COBRO – the Packaging Research Institute in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibers in Łódź,
- The Institute of Biotechnology and Antibiotics in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Ceramics and Building Materials in Warsaw,
- The Professor Ignacy Mościcki Institute of Industrial Chemistry in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Heavy Organic Synthesis “Blachownia” in Kędzierzyn-Koźle,
- The Electrotechnical Institute in Warsaw,
- The Pharmaceutical Research Institute in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes in Toruń,
- The Institute of Logistics and Warehousing in Poznań,
- The Institute of Aviation in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Precision Mechanics in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Mechanized Construction and Rock Mining in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Non-Ferrous Metals in Gliwice,
- The Stanislaw Staszic Institute for Ferrous Metallurgy in Gliwice,
- The KOMEL Institute of Electrical Drives and Machines in Katowice,
- The New Chemical Synthesis Institute in Puławy,
- The Metal Forming Institute in Poznań,
- The Foundry Research Institute in Kraków,
- The Maksymilian Pluta Institute of Applied Optics in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Organization and Management in Industry “ORGMASZ” in Warsaw,
- The Rail Vehicles Institute “TABOR” in Poznań,
- The Institute of Industrial Organic Chemistry in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Leather Industry in Łódź,
- The Institute of Welding in Gliwice,
- The Institute of Innovative Technologies EMAG in Katowice,
- The Institute of Medical Technology and Equipment ITAM in Zabrze,
- The Wood Technology Institute in Poznań,
- The Institute for Sustainable Technologies – National Research Institute in Radom,
- The Institute of Electron Technology in Warsaw,
- The Institute of Electronic Materials Technology in Warsaw,
- The Tele and Radio Research Institute in Warsaw,
- The Textile Research Institute in Łódź,
- The Institute of Advanced Manufacturing Technology in Kraków,
- The Industrial Research Institute for Automation and Measurements PIAP in Warsaw
- The Industrial Institute for Agricultural Machinery in Poznań,
- The Automotive Industry Institute in Warsaw,
- the Polish Centre for Technology Development PORT company.
A cure against excessive fragmentation
Nowadays, there are 111 research institutes operating in Poland, which are supervised by 16 ministers. This obviously results in the dispersion of human, financial and intellectual resources. The institutes are not able to achieve what is known as the ‘economies of scale’. Almost one third of entities achieve higher revenues from rental of real estate than from sales of the R&D services. The situation is similar in the case of patents – as many as 32 institutes (28%) did not obtain a single patent over the period 2009-2015.
The merger of institutes will strengthen their international position, allow better communication with the socio-economic environment and increase their organizational efficiency. For the benefit of the Polish economy.