1. What is the reimbursement rate for a Twinning project? Is it the standard 100% for direct eligible costs and a flat 25% of direct costs for indirect costs (overheads) as with most other Horizon 2020 actions?

Yes, the standard cost reimbursement model (100%/25%) of Horizon 2020 applies for Twinning actions.

2. Can a proposal request a contribution below or above € 1 million?

Yes, however proposals are encouraged to be close to the range of € 1 million.

3. What is the minimum, typical and maximum duration of each project?

A Twinning project is foreseen to last for up to 3 years.

4. Can a proposal outline several defined areas of research or is it necessary to outline one defined area of research in one proposal?

The Work Programme specifies that "Twinning aims at significantly strengthening a defined field of research in a particular knowledge institution….". Thus, a Twinning proposal must outline one defined area of research.

5. Is there any pre-financing for a granted Twinning project?

The exact percentage of pre-financing for Twinning projects has not been confirmed yet, but it is expected to be around 50%.